Do we have educational institutes in United States Only ?
Just recently I wanted to know the registration procedure for an .edu domain. I was more than amazed to get the details of the procedure and got to know that mostly the registration of .edu domain is restricted on the basis of geography.
What is an edu domain ?
The .edu domain is one of the seven original top-level subdivisions of the Internet Domain Name System (DNS). The .edu domain is intended for accredited post-secondary educational U.S. institutions. It is managed under the authority of the United States Department of Commerce. Source: Educause
In the words of a layman, just the way we have
www.something.COM for Commercial
www.greenpeace.org for Organizations
www.army.mil for Military
www.amul.coop for Co-Operatives
www.india.in Country specific domain for India
In very similar manner, .edu is meant for Educational institutions, however, this is the domain limited to registration for US institutes Or Institutes who are recognized by US rating authorities.
“The .edu domain was originally intended for educational institutions anywhere in the world, when it was launched in 1985”
However, in 2001 the US Department of Commerce made Educause, the registrar of this domain extension. Since, this valueable extension became exclusive to institutes in United States.
Educational institutions elsewhere, CAN still get the domain registered, however the procedure and investment is tedious.
The following are the requirements as per Educause FAQ:
Eligibility for a .edu domain name is limited to postsecondary U.S. institutions that are institutionally accredited, i.e., the entire institution and not just particular programs, by agencies on the U.S. Department of Education’s list of Nationally Recognized Accrediting Agencies.
Some institutes in India, have managed to get the edu domain, e.g. Amity.edu. This must be after managing to get the accreditation.
Education, is universal and ICANN being an entity serving the internet for the benefit of mankind, how can such a domain be exclusive to US only ?
I do understand that NOT having such an extention would not make any big difference, however, when the original intent of launching this extension was being global, why these restrictions ?
Just the way we have .COOP extension which is available for any registered Cooperative without any geographical restrictions.
People all over are voicing to Educause here, not sure when will they make it available to the global institutions.